Hypertension is the pressure that blood exerts onthe walls of blood vessel . High blood pressure occurs when heart works harder to pump blood. Thickening of blood vessels (arteriosclerosis) causes it. In other words when arterial blood pressure is elevated above the normal ranges, it is called hypertension.
n India, over the past two decades, the incidence of Hypertension has increased from 15% to 35% in different age group populations. In elderly, the percentage rises to above 35% with a higher risk of stroke. The incidence in urban areas is double of that in rural India. As regards the sex ratio, it is slightly higher in males.
Another important observation is that in India, the percentage of young hypertensive is higher than in western countries. He further added that high blood pressure is also a leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD).
Hypertension is a silent disease, it can be controlled only through early detection and treatment. The 'at risk' population consists of people who are obese, diabetic, smokers, and those having chronic stress, sedentary lifestyle, or a family history of hypertension.
Hypertension is one of the major causes of disability and death all over the world. In many cases, hypertension does not cause any symptoms. It is known as silent killer becauseif is left untreated causes heart attack, brain haemorrhage, kidney failure.
Because pulmonary hypertension may be caused by different medical conditions, a complete medical history, physical exam, and description of your symptoms are necessary to identify the other diseases and make the correct diagnosis. During the physical exam at PHOENIX Hospital, our professional care provider will:
Highlights of Hypertension Care Unit
- Listen for abnormal heart sounds such as a loud pulmonic valve sound, a systolic murmur of tricuspid regurgitation, or a gallop due to ventricular failure.
- Examine the jugular vein in the neck for engorgement.
- Examine the abdomen, legs, and ankles for fluid retention.
- Examine nail beds for bluish tint.
- Look for signs of other underlying diseases that might be causing pulmonary hypertension.
- Conduct different types of tests including blood, doppler, chest X-ray and more.
Appropriate diagnosis and analysis is the prerequisite for starting any treatment. Treatment varies per individual based on the different underlying causes. However the treatment includes taking medications; making lifestyle and dietary changes; having surgery, if necessary; and seeing your doctor regularly.